The biggest threat that Greater one-horned rhinos face is human harassment and encroachment. For centuries, rhinos have been hunted for sport and for their horn. In the early 19th century, the Greater one-horned rhino was almost hunted to extinction. The remaining animals were only found in protected reserves, where, under the monitoring of certain organisations, populations are currently being brought back from the edge of extinction. With strict protection from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, Greater one-horned rhino numbers have recovered from under last century to around 3, today.
The Indian rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis , also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros and great Indian rhinoceros , is a rhinoceros species native to the Indian subcontinent. Moreover, the extent and quality of the rhino's most important habitat, alluvial grassland and riverine forest , is considered to be in decline due to human and livestock encroachment. As of , a total of 2, mature individuals were estimated to live in the wild. The Indian rhinoceros once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain , but excessive hunting and agricultural development reduced its range drastically to 11 sites in northern India and southern Nepal.
The Indian national park helping to save the one-horned rhino – in pictures
Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian sub-continent, rhino populations plummeted as they were hunted for sport or killed as agricultural pests. This pushed the species very close to extinction and by the start of the 20 th century, around wild greater one-horned rhinos remained. The recovery of the greater one-horned rhino is among the greatest conservation success stories in Asia. Thanks to strict protection and management from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, the greater one-horned rhino was brought back from the brink.