Fascioliasis is caused by two species of parasitic flatworms or trematodes that mainly affect the liver. It belongs to the group of foodborne trematode infections and is a zoonosis, meaning an animal infection that may be transmitted to humans. The two species of trematodes that cause fascioliasis Fasciola hepatica and F. The disease they both cause is similar. Until recently, human cases occurred occasionally but are now increasingly reported from Europe, the Americas and Oceania where only F.
Robert W. Fascioliasis, an infection due to the food- and water-borne trematodes Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica , is among the most neglected of the neglected tropical diseases. Among the estimated Certain areas of the world bear the burden of the highest prevalence of infection. There, school-age children are the most likely to be infected. In the United States, rare cases have been reported among immigrants from endemic areas, returned travelers to endemic regions, and individuals residing in Hawaii, California, and Florida.
The trematodes Fasciola hepatica also known as the common liver fluke or the sheep liver fluke and Fasciola gigantica are large liver flukes F. Although F. These forms usually have intermediate morphologic characteristics e. Further research into the nature and origin of these forms is ongoing.
We report here an ectopic case of Fasciola hepatica infection confirmed by recovery of an adult worm in the mesocolon. A year-old female was admitted to our hospital with discomfort and pain in the left lower quadrant of the abdomen. Abdominal CT showed 3 abscesses in the left upper quadrant, mesentery, and pelvic cavity. On surgical exploration, abscess pockets were found in the mesocolon of the sigmoid colon and transverse colon.